One of the recent environmental campaigns in the churches is the Big Church Switch, which encourages local churches and individuals to switch to Green, renewable suppliers for electricity.
The Big Church Switch calls on churches and individual Christians of all denominations to switch their energy supply from fossil fuels to renewable energy, as part of their commitment to care for our neighbours and for the earth – our common home.
By using clean, renewable energy we can help restore the earth and bring balance to God’s creation. Clean energy sources offer a reliable energy supply and secure long-term jobs, fuelling prosperity for our neighbours near and far.
By acting together as the Church community we will send a clear and powerful message to governments and businesses that Christians are prepared to lead the way and that switching to renewables is crucial if we are to live in and enjoy God’s world together.
Collectively as the Church we have huge buying power and can secure some market-beating renewable tariffs. Whether you want to switch your home or inspire your church to switch, we will guide you through the process so that you and your church can switch in a simple and affordable way to a tariff that restores, rather than damages, creation.
Partner organisations have been working closely together in the process of the careful selection of suppliers. This will ensure that the offers from renewable energy suppliers meet stringent criteria in terms of customer service and providing value for money
This sounds marvellous but it puts blind faith in renewables, as if they would cure the energy and climate crisis overnight. In fact, it is a faith which falls into the Dawkinites’ definition; “Faith is belief without evidence”. To make this change , sufficient renewables need to be in place, such that a complete change to renewables could occur in the near future. Or, at least. renewables such as sun, wind and wave, do provide a moderate proportion of our energy.
The actuality is very different as the graph below shows. Renewables provide a whopping 1.5% of the world’s energy consumption as the graph shows as opposed to nearly 85% from fossil fuels. The annotations on the graph shows that the transition from fossil-fuels to renewables is a vast mountain to climb, reducing Everest to a mole-hill. The mountain is even bigger if nuclear energy is rejected as the Big Church Switch implies.
The picture is no better for Britain as the following slide shows with renewables producing less than 5% of our total energy usage. Yes, there are times when renewable electricity production well exceeds 20% but that it only on a very windy day
There is a danger, which is often succumbed to, of confusing electricity production with total energy. Electricity is about half of the total energy used as so much is used in transport, industry and heating. So often this is overlooked, either deliberately or due to incompetence not understanding energy.
Even so the contribution of renewables is still very low as the next slide shows.
The next slide shows the contribution of renewables to the total energy used in various European countries.
Even Germany, which has rejected nuclear and emphasises renewables has not fared well. In fact, be rejecting nuclear they have used more lignite or brown coal , which makes ordinary coal seem quite clean.
The following graph shows the worldwide energy deficit from 1990 to 2035 if fossil fuels are removed. The deficit in 2015 was 10,000 million tonnes oil equivalent with non-fossil fuels producing about 2000.
It is obvious that the deficit is enormous.
And so to the child in the back seat asking, “are we nearly there?” The answer is NO, we have only just left home.
Transition to renewables.
I would be wonderful to say that the transition period will be only a few years, but energy transitions take decades on the world stage (if pushed graph back to 1800 biofuels i.e wood would be nearly 100% and even in Britain, then the most industrialised nation, coal was hardly dominant. Renewables are now in the same position as oil and gas were in a century ago.
However much we long for “clean” energy, it simply will not happen overnight. It is here where so many concerned environmentalists seem to leave realism behind and opt for blind faith. Before anyone concludes that I am not an environmentalist, I stress that I am but we have to take the world as it is and not how we dream it to be.
This is the failing of many green groups and especially those like Greenpeace or friends of the Earth, though the former UK director of Greenpeace, Stephen Tindale is a beacon of light and a source of wisdom. He has a wise and pragmatic approach to the conundrum of energy. Many Christian green groups seem to follow Foe and Greenpeace and have a naive faith in renewables (and also in organic food and a rejection of GMO).
Cartoons like this from the Church Times help no one and betray a total lack of understanding
Thus the publication Bright Now produced by Operation Noah takes a very one-sided view rejecting fossil fuels and arguing for renewables NOW. Their argument is dependent on the ideas of Lord Stern and the Centre for Alternative Technology and ignores the powerful GREEN voices, like Dieter Helm in The carbon Crunch who argue that fossil fuels cannot be ditched over-night and a transition period is essential. Of course, they do accept the fracked gas will be needed as a transitional fuel thus destroying their green purity for many. The paper Bright Now and other resources on divestment in the churches can be found on http://brightnow.org.uk/resources/
I would suggest none of church commentators on energy, divestment (or fracking) have, or had, any involvement with mineral extraction or energy. Two Christian geologists of my acquaintance who have worked in mineral extraction independently told me that so many Christians have no idea where their minerals or fuel actually comes from. Most people are unaware that they have to be forced out of the ground whether through open-cast mining as for Lithium for renewables, or blasted from underground mines as for much copper (to make that personal I worked in a copper mine and a mine captain conned me into going into a stope about 15 metres by 3m by 4m, just as blasting was taking place. I also once got Carbon Monoxide poisoning because of his shoddy leadership.) Compared to that the extraction of oil and gas is relatively benign!
Of course, the reply will be an appeal for “clean” energy. there ain’t no clean energy , it is all dirty, whether through opencast mines for Lithium, the great expenditure of energy to build the turbines, not to mention the large holes needed for a base for a turbine.
I enjoy showing that photo as I am usually told it is a fracking site!! I dread to think of the damage to peat bogs on our upland areas, where turbines are placed
Similar attitudes are to be found in the churches’ environmental project Ecochurch , which expects ecochurches to opt for a clean renewable supplier. http://ecochurch.arocha.org.uk/how-eco-church-works/
I am aware that I am going against the contemporary environmental thinking of the British churches, but I was convinced that the environment needed caring for way back in the 60s after reading Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring. It was reinforced by working for a mining company in Africa, both in a mine and in exploration, and for many decades have attempted to lead a life more sympathetic to the environment. Perhaps my time in mining made be both wary of polluting, unsustainable industry AND the need to provide our material needs.
I will end on a less serious note with first a cartoon of the problems of divestment and total reliance on “clean” energy
and what fossil-free really means for most of our world.